Gulliver’s Travel: Book vs. Film

Gullivers Travel: Book vs. Film

Mirim Kim, Author

The novel, Gulliver’s Travel has a total of four parts. However, unlike the novel, the movie has only two parts. In the first part of the story, Gulliver, a doctor, meets a windstorm while sailing on a boat and drifts into a miniature scale of the island called Lilliput, which deals with his performance and adventure in Lilliput. Lilliput is at war with a nearby country, but with the help of the giant Gulliver, he wins the war and is greatly rewarded. However, Gulliver was deported by jealous forces and returned to his native England. In the second part of the story, Brobdingnag, which drifted while sailing on the opposite side of a tiny island, is where giants live, and Gulliver is treated as a pet and even strategized as a means of making money. He barely escaped from this place and returned to England. 

In the story so far, Gulliver looked down on the tiny islanders, but when he went to the Giant island, Gulliver became shabby. This can be said to be an allegory and satire of people by Jonathan Swift, who wrote this novel. People like to show off themselves in front of weak people. However, this shows that there are many people in the world who are better or stronger than themselves. People sometimes do not feel it and act as if they are the best, but it is not. People should be humble.

The other two parts, which are not in the movie but only in the novel, contain these stories. In the third part of the story, Gulliver is attacked by pirates and dumped in an unknown place called Laputa. This is where people who are interested in technology and astronomy live. The fourth part of the story is quite different from the story so far, and the story that author Jonathan Swift wanted to tell in the novel is best expressed. Gulliver becomes a captain and goes on a voyage again, and a rebellion breaks out, and is abandoned in a remote place. However, this place is dominated by horses named Houyhnhnm, who have much better intelligence than people. They call people Yahoos and treat them like animals. When Gulliver first came here, Houyhnhnms looked down on Gulliver, but he was gradually recognized by them for learning their language. This place where Houyhnhnms lived was a place of no lie and justice. So Gulliver liked this place and thought that he wanted to live here for the rest of his life. 

Ireland, the home of writer Jonathan Swift, who was colonized by Britain in the 17th century, satirized the ugly and greedy image of occupied Britain in the fourth part of the Houyhnhnm story. In the third part of the Laputa story, he described that there was also a dark and negative view of the development of science and technology in the eyes of Europeans in the 17th century, rather than a positive aspect that guarantees a bright future.